Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is typically treated with antibiotics to restore the balance of bacteria in the vagina. Antibiotics are prescribed by a healthcare provider based on the severity of the infection and the individual’s specific health needs. The most commonly used antibiotics for BV include:
- Metronidazole (Flagyl):
- This is one of the most commonly prescribed antibiotics for BV.
- It is available in various forms, including oral tablets, vaginal gel, and vaginal suppositories.
- The typical oral dose for adults is 500 mg twice a day for seven days.
- Vaginal gel or suppositories are used once daily for five days.
- Clindamycin (Cleocin):
- Clindamycin is another antibiotic effective in treating BV.
- It is available in different forms, including oral capsules and vaginal cream.
- The oral capsule dosage may vary but is typically taken twice daily for a week.
- Vaginal cream is typically applied once daily for seven days.
- Tinidazole (Tindamax):
- Tinidazole is an alternative antibiotic to metronidazole and is sometimes used for BV.
- The standard oral dose is typically 2 grams as a single dose.
Even if your symptoms go better before the course of treatment is through, it’s still important to heed your doctor’s advice and finish the entire course of antibiotics. Antibiotic resistance or the recurrence of BV can result from early treatment discontinuation.
If you are prescribed an antibiotic for BV, it’s essential to avoid alcohol during the course of treatment with metronidazole and tinidazole. Alcohol can cause a disulfiram-like reaction, leading to symptoms like nausea and vomiting.
Regular follow-up with your healthcare provider after treatment is important to ensure that the infection has been effectively treated and to address any remaining symptoms or concerns. If BV symptoms persist or recur, consult your healthcare provider for further evaluation and treatment options.