How do I stop allergic rhinitis?

While allergic rhinitis cannot be completely cured, there are several strategies to help manage and reduce its symptoms. Here are some tips to help you minimize allergic rhinitis symptoms:

  1. Avoid allergens: Identify and try to avoid the specific allergens that trigger your symptoms. For example:
    • Stay indoors during high pollen count days, especially in the morning and early evening when pollen levels are usually higher.
    • Use allergen-proof covers for pillows and mattresses to protect against dust mites.
    • Keep pets out of bedrooms or limit contact if you’re allergic to pet dander.
    • Keep indoor humidity levels low to prevent mold growth.
  2. Keep your home clean:
    • Regularly clean and vacuum your home to minimize dust, pet dander, and other allergens.
    • Use a high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filter in your vacuum cleaner and air purifiers to trap allergens.
  3. Nasal irrigation:
    • Use a saline nasal rinse or nasal irrigation system to flush out allergens from your nasal passages and relieve congestion.
  4. Medications:
    • Over-the-counter antihistamines can help relieve symptoms such as sneezing, itching, and runny nose. Consult a healthcare professional for appropriate recommendations.
    • Nasal corticosteroid sprays can help reduce inflammation in the nasal passages and alleviate symptoms. These are available over-the-counter or by prescription.
    • Decongestant nasal sprays or oral decongestants can provide temporary relief from nasal congestion, but they should be used cautiously and for short periods to avoid rebound congestion.
  5. Allergy shots (immunotherapy):
    • Consider allergen immunotherapy, also known as allergy shots, if your symptoms are severe or not well-controlled with other treatments. Immunotherapy involves regular injections of small amounts of allergens to desensitize your immune system.
  6. Consult a healthcare professional:
    • Work with a healthcare professional, such as an allergist or immunologist, to develop an individualized treatment plan and receive appropriate medical advice.
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It’s important to note that what works for one person may not work for another, so finding the right combination of strategies may require some trial and error. Consulting with a healthcare professional can provide personalized guidance based on your specific situation and allergen triggers.