Is bacterial vaginosis an STD?

Sexual activity can be a risk factor for the development of bacterial vaginosis (BV), but it is not considered an STD or a sexually transmitted infection (STI). A common vaginal infection known as bacterial vaginosis (BV) is caused by an imbalance in the vagina’s natural bacterial flora. It is typified by a decrease in the quantity of “good” bacteria, such as lactobacilli, and an overgrowth of some bacteria, most frequently Gardnerella vaginalis.

While BV is not considered an STI, sexual activity, especially having multiple sexual partners or a new sexual partner, can increase the risk of developing BV. BV can occur in women who are not sexually active as well, and it is not caused by a single type of bacteria, as is the case with many STIs.

If you suspect you have BV or are experiencing symptoms, it’s important to consult a healthcare provider for proper diagnosis and treatment. Left untreated, BV can lead to complications, so seeking medical attention is essential. Additionally, using barrier methods like condoms during sexual activity can reduce the risk of BV and other STIs.

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