The symptoms of ADHD, or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, can be broadly classified into two categories: inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity. An individual must have many of these symptoms for a considerable amount of time, and the symptoms must interfere with daily functioning in order to meet the criteria for an ADHD diagnosis. The following are five of the primary signs of ADHD:
- Difficulty sustaining attention: Individuals with ADHD may struggle to stay focused on tasks, often becoming easily distracted by unrelated stimuli.
- Making careless mistakes: They may frequently make errors in schoolwork, work assignments, or other activities due to a lack of attention to detail.
- Forgetfulness: People with ADHD may forget to complete daily tasks, lose important items, and have difficulty organizing their activities.
- Difficulty following through: They often have trouble completing tasks and following through on commitments or responsibilities.
- Avoiding or disliking tasks that require sustained mental effort: Individuals with ADHD may avoid activities that demand prolonged mental focus, such as studying or doing paperwork.
- Restlessness: Many individuals with ADHD exhibit hyperactive behaviors like fidgeting, tapping, or an inability to stay seated in situations where it’s expected.
- Talking excessively: They may talk excessively, interrupt others, and struggle to wait their turn in conversations.
- Inability to engage in quiet activities: difficulty engaging in calm, quiet activities like reading or sitting still for extended periods.
- Running or climbing in inappropriate situations: In children, this symptom may manifest as running or climbing in situations where it’s unsafe or not permitted.
- Often “on the go”: a sense of being constantly active, as if driven by a motor.
It’s important to note that the specific symptoms and their severity can vary from person to person. To receive a diagnosis of ADHD, these symptoms should be present for a consistent period and cause impairment in daily functioning, such as at school, work, or in social relationships. If you suspect that you or someone you know may have ADHD, it’s important to seek a comprehensive evaluation and diagnosis from a qualified healthcare professional.