What are the 4 F’s of cholecystitis?

The “4 F’s” of cholecystitis is a mnemonic used to remember the common risk factors associated with the development of gallstones and subsequent cholecystitis. They are:

  1. Female: Cholecystitis is more common in females than in males. The female gender is considered a significant risk factor for gallstone formation and cholecystitis.
  2. Forty (Age): Cholecystitis is more prevalent in individuals over the age of 40. The risk of developing gallstones and cholecystitis increases with age.
  3. Fat: Obesity and overweight are associated with an increased risk of gallstone formation and cholecystitis. Excess body weight can contribute to an imbalance in bile composition, leading to gallstone development.
  4. Fertile (Fertile years, including pregnancy): Hormonal factors, particularly estrogen, play a role in gallstone formation. Women of reproductive age, including those who have been pregnant, are at a higher risk of developing gallstones and cholecystitis.

It’s important to note that the “4 F’s” serve as a memory aid for common risk factors, but not everyone who falls into these categories will develop cholecystitis. Other factors, such as genetics, family history, and underlying medical conditions, can also contribute to the development of gallstones and cholecystitis. If you have concerns about cholecystitis or gallstones, it’s recommended to consult with a healthcare professional for appropriate evaluation and guidance.

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