What is the main cause of prostate enlargement

The main cause of prostate enlargement, a condition known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), is aging. As men age, the prostate gland tends to undergo changes, and it typically begins to enlarge after the age of 40. The exact cause of this age-related enlargement is not fully understood, but hormonal changes, particularly an increase in levels of dihydrotestosterone (DHT), a form of testosterone, are believed to play a role.

Other factors that may contribute to prostate enlargement include:

  1. Hormonal Changes: As mentioned, changes in the balance of hormones, particularly an increase in DHT, may contribute to prostate enlargement.
  2. Family History: If a man has a family history of prostate enlargement, he may be at a higher risk.
  3. Ethnicity: Studies have suggested that ethnicity may be a factor, with men of African descent being more prone to developing BPH.
  4. Lifestyle Factors: Obesity, lack of physical activity, and a diet high in fat and red meat have been associated with an increased risk of prostate enlargement.

While BPH is not a malignant illness, it can cause unpleasant symptoms such as difficulty peeing, frequent urination, and the sensation that the bladder is not emptying completely. If these symptoms are severe, a healthcare expert may offer a variety of treatment choices, including lifestyle changes and drugs, as well as surgical procedures in more severe situations. Individuals suffering symptoms of prostate enlargement should speak with a healthcare physician to ensure a correct examination and management.

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