Is bacterial vaginosis an STD?

Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) is not classified as a sexually transmitted infection (STI) or STD, although sexual activity can be a risk factor for its development. BV is a common vaginal infection that occurs when there is an imbalance in the normal bacterial flora of the vagina. While it is not considered an STI, the exact cause of BV is not fully understood. However, sexual activity, especially having multiple sexual partners or a new sexual partner, can increase the risk of developing BV.

It’s crucial to remember that BV can impact women of any sexual orientation and can even impact non-sexually active women. Furthermore, unlike many STIs, BV is not brought on by a single kind of bacteria. Rather, it’s an overabundance of different kinds of bacteria growing inside the vagina.

Because sexual activity can be a factor in BV, it’s advisable for individuals who are sexually active to take precautions to reduce the risk of infection. Using barrier methods like condoms can help reduce the risk of BV and other STIs. If you suspect you have BV or are experiencing symptoms, it’s important to consult a healthcare provider for proper diagnosis and treatment. Left untreated, BV can lead to complications, so seeking medical attention is essential.

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